Design a new home-based multifunctional physiotherapy device for musculoskeletal pain relief
Mahsa Eskandari1, Fatemeh Sadat Hosseini-Baharanchi2, Mohammad Hossein Ghafouri Moghaddam3, Alireza Delisnav4, Shadi Shafaghi5, Fariba Ghorbani6, Nasrin Taherkhani7, Masoud Shafaghi8
1 Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Medical Sciences and Technologies, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Electrical, High Education Institute of Hatef, Branch of Zahedan, Zahedan, Iran
4 Department of Mechanics on Mechatronics Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
5 Lung Transplantation Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6 Tracheal Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
7 Department of Computer Engineering, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
8 Strategic Planning and Executive Office Management, International Federation of Inventors Associations, Geneva, Switzerland
Dr. Masoud Shafaghi
Strategic Planning and Executive Office Manager, International Federation of Inventors Associations, Geneva
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has affected public health and the patients suffering from musculoskeletal pain have little chance to receive medical care to reduce the burden of musculoskeletal pain with no definitive treatment, the need for home remedies is felt more than ever for such patients. This research is presented a new kind of home physiotherapy device by three different therapeutic functions including transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), vibration, and heat to provide patients with remote services.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The conceptual map of the system, including the mechanical, electrical, and software parts, as well as the location and connection of electrical components used in the system, is presented. Then, after programming the device and designing a mobile application layout tree for creating an account, the device is turned on, and therapeutic values are entered into the device. Finally, the results of the initial use are displayed on a mobile phone.
RESULTS: In this section, we present several screenshots of the mobile application's screen and a picture of the primary prototype of the device. The first item includes the main menu, which allows the user to enter the application. On first use, the patients will have to register themselves by selecting the “register” option. Another page provides details about the therapeutic methods of TENS, heat, and vibration.
CONCLUSION: This system is a cost-and-time-effective strategy and helps physiotherapists to cover more patients at the same time and follow patients' treatment courses through televising.