|Year : 2022 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 1-6
Molecular epidemiology and infectious disease agent typing terminology – A revised glossary of key terms
Beverley Cherie Millar, John E Moore
Northern Ireland Public Health Laboratory, Belfast City Hospital, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK
|Date of Submission||21-Dec-2021|
|Date of Acceptance||14-Feb-2022|
|Date of Web Publication||23-Mar-2022|
John E Moore
Northern Ireland Public Health Laboratory, Belfast City Hospital, Lisburn Road, Belfast, Northern Ireland, BT9 7AD
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Epidemiological tracking of infectious diseases is important to help determine the source and routes of transmission of the causal agent, whether this be a virus, bacterium, fungus, or parasite. This can be complicated due to the diagnostic typing tools employed and the terminologies used can be unfamiliar to the nonspecialist, who needs to be able to understand the terms used. Therefore, we have developed an up-to-date glossary of 95 related epidemiological terms from peer-reviewed publications to help in the understanding of these terms, particularly with a nonspecialist audience.
Keywords: Genotype, infection, molecular epidemiology, phenotype, typing
|How to cite this article:|
Millar BC, Moore JE. Molecular epidemiology and infectious disease agent typing terminology – A revised glossary of key terms. J Prev Diagn Treat Strategies Med 2022;1:1-6
|How to cite this URL:|
Millar BC, Moore JE. Molecular epidemiology and infectious disease agent typing terminology – A revised glossary of key terms. J Prev Diagn Treat Strategies Med [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 May 24];1:1-6. Available from: http://www.jpdtsm.com/text.asp?2022/1/1/1/340551
The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 as the viral etiological agent of COVID-19 disease within the context of a global pandemic has placed great emphasis on the understanding of epidemiological terms with health-care professionals, patients, academics, journalists, and the wider public, in order to support effective scientific and clinical communication, relating to the pandemic. With the general public, effective communication of the terminology surrounding nosocomial infection and outbreaks may positively help to influence better infection prevention behaviors. Practicing infection prevention and control (IPC) professionals, including the Medical Microbiologist and the Infection Control Nurse are often the frontline health-care staff interfacing with other health-care professionals from other respective multidisciplinary (MDT) disciplines, as well as being the health-care professionals interacting with patients, carers, family members, and visitors, relating to queries about nosocomial infection and outbreaks. It is therefore important to equip health-care professionals and academics with up-to-date definitions of related terminology, to address the needs of these stakeholders.
Definitions are important in IPC of infectious diseases, in order to (i) provide concise insight on a specific topic, (ii) provide a common understanding, and (iii) set reference points to allow the adoption of a standard uniform approach. There has been a paucity of definitions relating to epidemiology, molecular epidemiology, and typing of infectious disease agents within the scientific and medical peer-reviewed literature, particularly with the emergence of COVID-19.
Therefore, it was the aim of this glossary to collate definitions to 95 associated keyterms, from international and respected souces of information, associated with terminologies associated with infectious diseases. A glossary of 95 keyterms is presented [Table 1], as a discoverable and citable resource within the contemporary scientific and medical literature, as a reference point for all stakeholders interested in the vocabulary of epidemiology, molecular epidemiology, and infectious disease typing terminology. Accessible and robust definitions help inform such dialog to achieve the goal of better understanding.,,,,,,,,,,
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
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