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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 178-181

Prevalence of ABO blood group system in southern Babylon, Iraq

1 Department of Microbiology, Al-Shomali General Hospital, Babylon, Iraq
2 Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, ; Department of Medical Technique, College of Medical Technique, The Islamic University, Babylon, Iraq
3 The Manager of Al-Shomali General Hospital, Babylon, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Falah Hasan Obayes AL Khikani
Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, Babylon University, Babylon
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jpdtsm.jpdtsm_44_22

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BACKGROUND: ABO blood grouping is now regarded as one of the most important immunological tests to do before numerous treatments, including clinical blood transfusion operations. The purpose of this study was to record the different blood types among the people of southern Babylon, Iraq, and compare the findings for males and females. METHODS: A total of 10,570 subjects, of which 6643 were females, and 3927 were males, were involved in this study from February 2, 2022, to June 1, 2022. The antigen-antibody agglutination test was used to determine blood type and Rh factor. For both males and females, the frequency of each kind was determined. RESULTS: The blood group O was the most common among the investigated population in all areas and among both sexes, followed by blood groups B and A, with the B group somewhat higher among females and the A slightly higher among men. The AB blood group was the least common of the four. Blood type B was prevalent in females (26.97%) compared to males (24.41%). Whereas blood type A was more prevalent in males (24.59%) compared to females (24.12%). CONCLUSIONS: Positive Rh+ (antigen D) was observed in 9492 (89.8%) of all participants, whereas Rh negative in 1078 (10.2%). Prevalence of blood O positive was more predominant in females than in males (40.77% and 28.69%, respectively). Group AB positive was more predominant in males than in females (14.8% and 7.48%, respectively).

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